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Part V - Mechanisms for the implementation of human rights in he city

Article XXV

LOCAL ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
 
1.   The signatory cities develop policies designed to improve citizens’ access to law and justice.
 
2.   The signatory cities encourage the extra-judicial resolution of civil, criminal, administrative and labour disputes, through the establishing of public mechanisms of reconciliation, settlement, mediation and arbitration.
 
3.   Where necessary, a municipal arbitration body will be set up, either elected by the public or established by the municipal authorities. It would include independent magistrates, i.e. people of good repute, and has the power to settle conflicts between citizens and local government, in a fair manner.
 

Article XXVI

POLICE  IN THE CITY

 
The signatory cities encourage the development of a highly qualified community police division, responsible for local security and fostering a sense of community. These police officers take preventive measures against crime and can be seen as an educational force in the raising of civic awareness.
 

Article XXVII

PREVENTIVE  MEASURES

 
1.   The signatory cities put in place preventive measures such as
 
social or local neighbourhood mediators, particularly in areas with high social tension;
the municipal Ombudsman or “People’s Advocate”, as an independent and impartial institution.
 
2.   To realize the citizens’ rights laid out in this Charter, each of the signatory cities establishes a steering committee made up of citizens and entrusted with evaluating the implementation of the Charter.
 

Article XXVIII

TAXATION AND BUDGETARY  MECHANISMS

 
1.   The signatory cities undertake to set up their budgets in such a way that they will enable the rights set out in this Charter to be implemented. For this purpose they may establish a system of “citizens’ participation” in the budget. The citizens in various city districts or their associations can voice their opinions over which measures they consider necessary to help realize these rights.
 
2.   The signatory cities, in awareness of the equality of all citizens with regard to public levies, undertake to permit no social, fiscal or ecological irregularities within their area of competence, or, if they exist, to make sure that these irregularities are abolished.
 

FINAL PROVISIONS

LEGAL SIGNIFICANCE  OF THE CHARTER  AND MECHANISMS  FOR ITS APPLICATION

 
1.   When this Charter is passed, it will remain open for the individual signature of all those cities which want to endorse its aims.
 
2.   The signatory cities will incorporate into their local ordinances the principles, regulations and guarantee mechanisms laid down in this Charter and refer to them expressly in justification of their official activities.
 
3.   The signatory cities recognize the irrefutable legality of the rights stated in the Charter and undertake to reject and terminate all legal transactions, particularly municipal contracts, the consequences of which would militate against the implementation of those rights. They resolve to act in such a way that all other legal entities will also recognize the legal significance of these rights.
 
4.   The signatory cities undertake to set up a commission which every two years is called upon  to evaluate the implementation of the rights laid down in this Charter and publish their findings.
 
5.   The network of European Conference Cities for Human Rights, established by the signatory cities, will decide on an appropriate follow-up mechanism to monitor regularly that the Charter is being properly implemented by those signatory cities.