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Public Policy on Ageing and Old People (part of the "Bogotá Humana" plan)

Bogotá
Colombia

In many cases, urbanization processes entail a demographic transition by which the number of people over 60 years old rapidly increases.  This is the case of Bogota, where, between 2005 and 2020, the number of senior citizens will have jumped from 8.2% to 14% of total population.  In a context of structural difficulties regarding the national pension system and where inter‑family or community solidarity mechanisms tend to fade, senior citizens are one of the most excluded sectors in urban areas.  Making sure they may have financial and non-financial goods, as well as favourable environments to stay and enjoy their rights, is still a challenge to our societies. Creating conditions for decent, safe and secure ageing is undoubtedly an essential element in the fight against poverty. It is, in line with one of the guidelines of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which seeks to eradicate poverty and hunger in any manner and promote people's dignity and equality. 

Both the Public Social Policy on Ageing and Older People (PPSEV) (2010‑2025) and the “Bogotá Humana” Development Plan (2012-2015) outline, from a local perspective, the foundations for a city project for the future with an emphasis on the value of human beings and their rights. Pillar 1 of the Development Plan reads: "The human being is at the centre of development". This assumption echoes the Global Charter-Agenda for Human Rights in the City (2010), in its intention to promote and strengthen the human rights of all people living in cities around the world.

The PPSEV (2010-2025) is specifically focused on safekeeping the rights of senior citizens, and it states that its overall purpose is to promote, project, restore and ensure the full exercise of their rights without any distinction whatsoever. To progressively and irreversibly make them effective, public efforts will be required, such as the commitment and involvement of society at large, from their areas of everyday activity or through spaces specially built for social oversight. Monitoring activities contribute to it, to a great extent, as inputs for reflection that helps observing any progress made and challenges posed throughout the discussion, from a rights perspective.